This dissertation investigates the human factors influencing driver behaviour and traffic law enforcement in Jordan. The research was carried out using two separate survey studies that aimed to determine the factors that are significantly associated with receiving traffic fines and being involved in crashes and to investigate the perceptions of drivers and traffic Police concerning traffic law enforcement and driver behaviour. A total of 501 drivers and 180 Police officers were surveyed.
Study one (I) focussed on driver attitudes, behaviour and compliance factors. The results showed that gender modified the relationship between some independent factors and study outcomes. Crashes for males were significantly associated with previously receiving distraction fines, instances of being stopped by Police, being intimidated by other drivers and previously receiving traffic fines. Crashes for females were significantly associated with violating traffic signs, being intimidated by other drivers and previously receiving traffic fines. Study I also showed that more than half of drivers reported a sense of unfair treatment and Police selectivity and favouritism regarding traffic law enforcement. These factors might be profoundly affecting many Jordanian drivers' motivation to violate traffic rules.
Study two (II) investigated Police officers work environment, enforcement perceptions and practices. The results showed that many Police officers complained of their work conditions, life and work pressures and unpleasant treatment when dealing with drivers. There was some lack of understanding of the role of the religion in road safety and an underestimating of the level of risk of some driver behaviour as well as a reduced capacity in assessing crash contributors. Some factors related to a driver s networking, authority, position and nepotism were found to affect Police enforcement decisions.
The findings of both studies are discussed and some recommendations have been suggested with regard to drivers and traffic Police to improve road safety in Jordan. In particular, it appears that the role of religion along with Jordanian social culture in regards to care for family and individual safety on Jordan s roads, and respect for road laws and the Police who enforce them, can be utilised to improve road safety in Jordan.